Seborrheic Dermatitis

Description Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition characterized by the presence of closets erythematous (red), more or less pruritic (itchy), covered with yellowish greasy scale. These cupboards sit preferentially in areas with high density of sebaceous glands (producing seborrhea), including the face and scalp.

Causes Seborrheic dermatitis

Dermatitis is common, but we do not always know the cause. One wonders, however, the role played by certain yeasts (fungi) such as Malassezia furfur, which proliferate in the lesion site.

Who gets dermatitis seborrheic? Seborrheic dermatitis can be found in the new-born from the second week of life. It is then called “the hat” or “cradle cap”.

In adults, it occurs more frequently in men aged 18 to 40 years. Moreover, it is regularly found in individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease, stroke, chronic alcoholism or AIDS in these circumstances, the damage is more severe and extensive.

Signs and symptoms Seborrheic dermatitis

In the newborn, especially seborrheic dermatitis affects the scalp, face, axillary folds, inguinal and retro-auricular.

In adults, lesions are mainly concentrated in the so-called seborrheic areas of skin, so high density of sebaceous glands. Those areas that produce seborrhea are generally on the face, affecting the stroke eyebrows, nostril margins, the edges of the ears, the ear canal and the contour of the scalp. In the latter case, the dermatitis may not appear as dandruff (dandruff). You can also find lesions in the ciliary edge of the eyelids (seborrheic blepharitis), in the neck region, the middle of the front of the chest and finally in the axillary folds, groin, submammary and inter-gluteal where the lesions are sensitive and tend to macerate.

Test and Diagnostic

The diagnosis is purely clinical. The characteristic appearance and location of lesions confirmed the diagnosis. No laboratory test is needed.

Treatment

The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis is essentially local and aims to reduce inflammation and skin colonization by Malassezia yeasts. To do this, various products can be used as a foaming gel, cream or shampoo.

At the scalp, and, depending on the size of the scales, are used solutions containing mineral tars, keratolytic of salicylic acid-based or based shampoos selenium disulphide.

For skin care, using a cream or antifungal solution and, according to the extent of inflammation, a cream containing a corticosteroid low-level alternating with the antifungal cream. This treatment usually offers good results after a few days. However, stopping the medication is accompanied by a relapse almost constant at the longer term.

How is seborrheic dermatitis?

In children, dermatitis is changing mostly favorable, disappearing during the first year of life.

In adults, also, seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic relapsing which can be precipitated by stress, certain medications and other diseases.

In adults, lesions are mainly concentrated in the so-called seborrheic areas of skin, so high density of sebaceous glands. Those areas that produce seborrhea are generally on the face, affecting the stroke eyebrows, nostril margins, the edges of the ears, the ear canal and the contour of the scalp. In the latter case, the dermatitis may not appear as dandruff (dandruff). You can also find lesions in the ciliary edge of the eyelids (seborrheic blepharitis), in the neck region, the middle of the front of the chest and finally in the axillary folds, groin, submammary and inter-gluteal where the lesions are sensitive and tend to macerate.Urungkan pengeditanKamus{window.jstiming.load.tick(‘rsw’);window.jstiming.load.tick(‘rsl’);window.jstiming.load.tick(‘rtl’);function _njClk(e){document.body.className+=’ nj’;var i=new Image();i.src=’/gen204?njclk=1′;i.onload=function(){i.onload=null;};}var slgms=document.getElementById(‘gt-sl-gms’);var tlgms= document.getElementById(‘gt-tl-gms’);slgms.onclick=tlgms.onclock=_njClk;}

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